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How to Cite

Polyglot Asian Medicines is a single, unified project containing multiple sub-databases. These contain full-text digital transcriptions of medical manuscripts, woodblock prints and lithographs held in libraries around the world, and are publicly available for academic research. Details of the original material sources can be found LINK TO BIBLIOGRAPHY.  Future iterations of the site will contain digital images of the texts.

If you would like to cite digital transcriptions in the database, we recommend the following forms.  Citations can refer to:

The Overall Project 

Stanley-Baker, Michael. Polyglot Asian Medicines, accessed (date).

Individual Databases

Zakariah, Faizah, 2023. Kitab-Tibb Malay-Jawi Manuscripts in Stanley-Baker, Michael. Polyglot Asian Medicines. http://XXXX, DOI: XXXX. Accessed


Stanley-Baker, Michael, 2023. DrugsAcrossAsia_China 跨亞藥物_中國 (version 1.0) 

     DOI: 10.6681/NTURCDH.DB_DocuSkyDrugsAcrossAsia_China/Text Accessed (date).

Drug Name Synoymy

Stanley-Baker, Michael; Khoo, Christopher; Chen Shih-pei; Goodman, MichaelAng, Shaun Qiao Rou, 2023. Polyglot Medicine: Knowledge

      Graph. DOI: XXXX Accessed (date). 

Specific texts 

Wan Quan 密斋 (1499-1582) Wan shi jiachuan guangsi jiyao 万氏家传广嗣纪要 (16th C.).  忠信堂 Zhongxin Hall woodblock eidtion (1778), in 

    Stanley-Baker, Michael. DrugsAcrossAsia_China 跨亞藥物_中國 (version 1.0)   

    DOI: 10.6681/NTURCDH.DB_DocuSkyDrugsAcrossAsia_China/Text Accessed (date).

Individual passages

Each text has been  segmented into coherent semantic units that follow the sense of the text, rather than original page breaks from the original document.  These are organized into increasingly small subdivisions:

    Book: Title of Book

    Chapter: equivalent to juan 卷.

    Section: Large segments of texts, containing smaller paragraphs

    Paragraph: Small sections of text, equivalent to recipes.

To reveal the yellow box of publication details, click the "DocMeta" button on the top left of the database.

This image shows paragraphs within the THIRD SECTION section of the FIRST CHAPTER of Wan shi jiachuan guangsi jiyao 万氏家传广嗣纪要.
To cite the SECOND PARAGRAPH, we recommend the following:

Wan shi jiachuan guangsi jiyao 万氏家传广嗣纪要 juan 1, 3.2.

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